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Catholic Essentials
"Not Believing" is not an Option!


Judgment

I. Particular. This takes place immediately after the death of each person and irrevocably settles the soul's salvation or damnation, even though it may have to undergo temporal punishment in Purgatory.

II. General. This takes place after the final Resurrection, when the body will share in the reward or punishment of the soul, and when the righteousness of God's ways will be manifestly vindicated before all creation.

(Definitions from A Catholic Dictionary, 1951)
 

References in Scripture:

  • But I say unto you, that every idle word that men shall speak, they shall render an account for it in the day of judgment" Matthew 12:36
  • "For God sent not his Son into the world, to judge the world, but that the world may be saved by him. He that believeth in him is not judged. But he that doth not believe, is already judged: because he believeth not in the name of the only begotten Son of God." John 3:17-18
  • "And I saw the dead, great and small, standing in the presence of the throne, and the books were opened; and another book was opened, which is the book of life; and the dead were judged by those things which were written in the books, according to their works. And the sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and hell gave up their dead that were in them; and they were judged every one according to their works. And hell and death were cast into the pool of fire. This is the second death. And whosoever was not found written in the book of life, was cast into the pool of fire" Apocalypse 20:12-15
  • "Therefore judge not before the time; until the Lord come, who both will bring to light the hidden things of darkness, and will make manifest the counsels of the hearts; and then shall every man have praise from God." 1 Corinthians 4:5
  • "And take heed to yourselves, lest perhaps your hearts be overcharged with surfeiting and drunkenness, and the cares of this life, and that day come upon you suddenly. For as a snare shall it come upon all that sit upon the face of the whole earth. Watch ye, therefore, praying at all times, that you may be accounted worthy to escape all these things that are to come, and to stand before the Son of man" Luke 21:34-36
  • "And God indeed having winked at the times of this ignorance, now declareth unto men, that all should every where do penance. Because he hath appointed a day wherein he will judge the world in equity, by the man whom he hath appointed; giving faith to all, by raising him up from the dead" Acts 17:30-31
  • "But the day of the Lord shall come as a thief, in which the heavens shall pass away with great violence, and the elements shall be melted with heat, and the earth and the works which are in it, shall be burnt up. Seeing then that all these things are to be dissolved, what manner of people ought you to be in holy conversation and godliness? Looking for and hasting unto the coming of the day of the Lord, by which the heavens being on fire shall be dissolved, and the elements shall melt with the burning heat? Wherefore, dearly beloved, waiting for these things, be diligent that you may be found before him unspotted and blameless in peace" 2 Peter 3:10-12,14
  • "And now, little children, abide in him, that when he shall appear, we may have confidence, and not be confounded by him at his coming" 1 John 2:28
  • "And as it is appointed unto men once to die, and after this the judgment" Hebrews 9:27
  • "And whosoever shall not receive you, nor hear your words: going forth out of that house or city shake off the dust from your feet. Amen I say to you, it shall be more tolerable for the land of Sodom and Gomorrha in the day of judgment, than for that city." Matthew 10:14-15
  • "The Lord knoweth how to deliver the godly from temptation, but to reserve the unjust unto the day of judgment to be tormented. And especially them who walk after the flesh in the lust of uncleanness, and despise government, audacious, self willed, they fear not to bring in sects, blaspheming" 2 Peter 2:9-10
  • "For with what judgment you judge, you shall be judged: and with what measure you mete, it shall be measured to you again" Matthew 7:2
  • "Grudge not, brethren, one against another, that you may not be judged. Behold the judge standeth before the door" James 5:9
     

Church Teaching:

  • "The belief in the general judgment has prevailed at all times and in all places within the Church. It is contained as an article of faith in all the ancient creeds: "He ascended into heaven. From thence He shall come to judge the living and the dead" (Apostles' Creed). He shall come again with glory to judge both the living and the dead" (Nicene Creed). "From thence he shall come to judge the living and the dead, at whose coming all men must rise with their bodies and are to render an account of their deeds" (Athanasian Creed)." 1917 Catholic Encyclopedia, General Judgment
  • "The first takes place when each one of us departs this life; for then he is instantly placed before the judgment­seat of God, where all that he has ever done or spoken or thought during life shall be subjected to the most rigid scrutiny. This is called the particular judgment.
    The second occurs when on the same day and in the same place all men shall stand together before the tribunal of their Judge, that in the presence and hearing of all human beings of all times each may know his final doom and sentence. The announcement of this judgment will constitute no small part of the pain and punishment of the wicked; whereas the good and just will derive great reward and consolation from the fact that it will then appear what each one was in life. This is called the general judgment." Catechism of Council of Trent, The Creed, Article VII
  • "Moreover we define that according to the general disposition of God, the souls of those who die in actual mortal sin go down into hell immediately (mox) after death and there suffer the pain of hell. Nevertheless, on the day of judgment all men will appear with their bodies "before the judgment seat of Christ" to give an account of their personal deeds, "so that each one may receive good or evil, according to what he has done in the body" (2 Cor. 5.10)." Encyclical on the Beatific Vision of God by Pope Benedict XII in 1336
     

Summary

Let no Catholic believe otherwise, we will all experience a particular judgment immediately after we die, and a general judgment at the end of the world. Our judgment will take into account our "every idle word", as Scripture states. Scripture and the history of Church teaching have always supported this and it is not Catholic to believe otherwise.

 

 

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